Research in Dance and Physical Education

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Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 4 , No. 1

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.31-43
ISSN: 2586-1034 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Dec 2019
Received 30 Oct 2019 Revised 29 Nov 2019 Accepted 18 Dec 2019

The Effects of Coaching Styles on Artistic Swimmers’ Intention to Continue Athletic Career
Seungmo Kim1 ; Tsz Ching Pang2 ; Sanghyun Park3, *
1Hong Kong Baptist University, Assistant Professor, Hong Kong
2Hong Kong Baptist University, Undergraduate student, Hong Kong
3Yonsei University, Lecturer, Korea

Correspondence to : *Email address:


The main purpose of the current study was to analyze the effects of coaches’ leadership styles on athletes’ intention to continue their athletic career in the sport of artistic swimming. The population of this study was all athletic swimmers at the elite level. A sample of 196 artistic swimmers from 23 countries participated in a questionnaire pertaining to autocratic coaching, democratic coaching style, and intention to continue athletic career. Frequent analysis and multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between two coaching styles and the outcome variable. The results revealed that democratic coaching style had a positive influence on athletes’ intention to continue, whereas autocratic coaching style had negative influence on athletes’ intention to continue. The results suggest that democratic coaching style could be more effective than autocratic coaching style to induce a long-term participation in the sport.

Keywords: coaching styles, artistic swimmer, intention to continue

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