Research in Dance and Physical Education

Current Issue

Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 4 , No. 1

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.31-43
ISSN: 2586-1034 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Dec 2019
Received 30 Oct 2019 Revised 29 Nov 2019 Accepted 18 Dec 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.26584/RDPE.2019.12.3.2.31

The Effects of Coaching Styles on Artistic Swimmers’ Intention to Continue Athletic Career
Seungmo Kim1 ; Tsz Ching Pang2 ; Sanghyun Park3, *
1Hong Kong Baptist University, Assistant Professor, Hong Kong
2Hong Kong Baptist University, Undergraduate student, Hong Kong
3Yonsei University, Lecturer, Korea

Correspondence to : *Email address: tkdlight@naver.com


Abstract

The main purpose of the current study was to analyze the effects of coaches’ leadership styles on athletes’ intention to continue their athletic career in the sport of artistic swimming. The population of this study was all athletic swimmers at the elite level. A sample of 196 artistic swimmers from 23 countries participated in a questionnaire pertaining to autocratic coaching, democratic coaching style, and intention to continue athletic career. Frequent analysis and multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between two coaching styles and the outcome variable. The results revealed that democratic coaching style had a positive influence on athletes’ intention to continue, whereas autocratic coaching style had negative influence on athletes’ intention to continue. The results suggest that democratic coaching style could be more effective than autocratic coaching style to induce a long-term participation in the sport.


Keywords: coaching styles, artistic swimmer, intention to continue

References
1. Barnett, N. P., Smoll, F. L., & Smith, R. E. (1992). Effects of enhancing coach-athlete relationships on youth sport attrition. The Sport Psychologist, 6(2), 111-127.
2. Bass. B. M. (1998). Transformational Leadership: Industrial, Military, and Educational Impact. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence. Erlbaum Associates.
3. Bengoechea, E.G., Strean, W.B., & Williams, D.J. (2004). Understanding and promoting fun in youth sport: Coaches' perspectives, Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy, 9(2), 197-214.
4. Castillo, D. B., Balibay, M.A., Alarcón, J.M., Picar, J.M., Lampitoc, R.R., Baylon, M. C.,& Espinosa, A. A. (2014). Autocratic and participative coaching styles and its effects on students’ dance performance. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 3(1), 32-44.
5. Chelladurai, P., & Saleh, S. D. (1980). Dimensions of leader behavior in sports: Development of a leadership scale. Journal of Sport Psychology 2(1), 34-45.
6. De Cremer, D. (2006). Affective and motivational consequences of leader self-sacrifice: The moderating effect of autocratic leadership. The Leadership Quarterly. 17(1), 79–93.
7. Fraser-Thomas, J., Côté J., &, Deakin, J. (2008). Examining adolescent sport dropout and prolonged engagement from a developmental perspective. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 318–333.
8. Fraser-Thomas J&, Côté J. (2009). Understanding adolescents’ positive and negative developmental experiences in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 3–23.
9. Gearity, B., & Murray, M. (2011). Athletes' experiences of psychological effects of poor coaching. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12(3), 213-221.
10. Henson, R. L. (2010). Preferences of college female athletes in coach gender and coaching style (Order No. 3416860). Available from ProQuest Central. (739238955). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/739238955?accountid=11440.
11. Hoffman, E., Czech, D., Metzler, J., Burdette, T., Zwald, D., Blazo, J., & Zakrajsek, R. (2009). Preferred coaching qualities in NCAA division I college athletes: A qualitative analysis of basketball players from a millennial generation. Applied Research in Coaching and Athletics Annual. 24. 140-178.
12. Lyle, J. (2005). Sports coaching concepts: A framework for coaches' behaviour. Routledge.
13. Lyle, J., & Cushion, C. (2016). Sport coaching concepts: A framework for coaching practice (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.
14. Mageau, G. A., & Vallerand, R. J. (2003). The coach-athlete relationship: A motivational model. Journal of Sports Sciences, 21, 883-904.
15. Marcone , M. (2017). The impact of coaching styles on the motivation and performance of athletes. Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects, 21.
16. Nunnally, J.C. and Bernstein, I.H. (1994). The assessment of reliability. Psychometric Theory, 3, 248-292.
17. Parker, K. (2010). Preferred coaching styles in youth sports: A qualitative inquiry of soccer players from generation Z. (Master Thesis) Retrieved from Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 115. https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/etd/115.
18. Ryan, R. M., & Connell, J. P. (1989). Perceived locus of causality and internalization: Examining reasons for acting in two domains. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 749-761.
19. Smith, R. E., & Smoll, F. L. (1996). The coach as a focus of research and intervention in youth sports. In F. L. Smoll & R. E. Smith (Eds.), Children and youth in sport. A biopsychosocial perspective (pp. 125-141). Dubuque, IA: Brown & Benchmark.
20. Van Vugt, M., Jepson, S., Hart, M., & De Cremer, D. (2004). Autocratic leadership in social dilemmas: A threat to group stability, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 40(1), 1-13.
21. Wang, C. H., Chang, C. C., Liang, Y.M., Shih, C. M., Chiu, W. S., Tseng P, et al. (2013). Open vs. closed skill sports and the modulation of inhibitory control. PLoS ONE 8(2).
22. Zucchetti, G., Candela, F., Rabaglietti, E., & Marzari, A. (2013). Italian early adolescent females’ intrinsic motivation in sport: An explorative study of psychological and sociorelational correlates. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 59(1), 11-20.