Research in Dance and Physical Education

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Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 4 , No. 1

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.45-62
ISSN: 2586-1034 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Dec 2019
Received 30 Oct 2019 Revised 28 Nov 2019 Accepted 18 Dec 2019

Predicting Intentions to Pursue Ballet Using an Extended Theory of Planned Behavior
Sangbin Lee1 ; Jisuk Chang2 ; Hyunwoo Kim3 ; Choonghoon Lim4, *
1Seoul National University, PhD student, Korea
2Seoul National University, PhD student, Korea
3Seoul National University, PhD candidate, Korea
4Seoul National University, Professor, Korea

Correspondence to : *Email address:


The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of the predictive variables in the TPB (attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) and the perceived benefits of ballet on the participation intentions of individuals. To fulfill this purpose, a survey study was conducted with 207 participants. The findings of the study suggest that in a context of participating in a highly symbolic and hedonic activity such as ballet, the symbolic and functional benefits’ influence are both considered when making judgments about the hedonic benefits of the activity. Although it was hypothesized that the influence of symbolic benefits on hedonic benefits (attitude) would be stronger than the influence of functional benefits on hedonic benefits (attitude), results revealed that there were no statistically significant differences. However, analysis of the TPB variables revealed that subjective norms were most influential in predicting ballet participation intention, followed by hedonic benefits and perceived behavioral control. The analysis of direct and indirect effects revealed that the hedonic benefits (attitude) mediated the relationship between both symbolic and functional benefits and ballet participation intention.

Keywords: benefits, Theory of Planned Behavior, ballet, participation

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