Research in Dance and Physical Education

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Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 5, No. 1

[ Article ]
Research in Dance and Physical Education - Vol. 5, No. 1, pp.41-51
ISSN: 2586-1034 (Online)
Print publication date 30 Apr 2021
Received 28 Feb 2021 Revised 20 Mar 2021 Accepted 05 Apr 2021

The Effect of Physical Activity on Social Development, Self-Esteem and Learning Attitude of Middle School Students
Jung-Mo Kim1 ; Jung-Taek Shin2, *
1Dongeui University, Republic of Korea, Instructor
2Dongeui University, Republic of Korea, Professor

Correspondence to : *Email address:


The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect on social development, self-esteem, and learning attitude of middle school students by constructing a physical activity program called 'rope skipping' and 'Daejanggong'. The 63 middle school students had to perform 10 sessions of Daejanggong and rope skipping. The measures of the study were social development inventory, Rosenberg self-esteem scale and learning attitude inventory. The physical activity programs were organized through expert consultation, prior research, and student interviews to improve research participants' sociality, self-esteem, and learning attitude. The results of this study were as follows: First, physical activity gives a positive impact on the social development of students. Second, physical activity was found to improve middle school students' self-esteem. Third, physical activity improves the learning attitude of students, and the more strenuous activity it was, the higher academic performance was shown. The discussion of how physical activity affects and enhances exercise participation rate on adolescents were presented.

Keywords: Social development, Self-esteem, Learning attitude, Middle school students

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